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Thema: Makefile Hilfe bzw. Compilierprobleme

  1. #1
    Erfahrener Benutzer Fleißiges Mitglied
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    18.01.2010
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    Bielefeld
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    Makefile Hilfe bzw. Compilierprobleme

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    Hallo zusammen

    und zwar wollte ich nach lange Zeit mal wieder ein neues Projelt starten und mache neue Ordner mit und lege alles ganz neu an.
    ich habe im einem Ordner:

    - Programme -> mein Projekt-> makefilegenerator
    -> make_all.bat
    -> make_clean.bat
    -> Projekt als c-Datei
    -> makefile (mit dem Generator erzeugt)
    - RP6Libs-> mit dem ganzen Libordner

    Das Problem jetzt habe mit die makefile erzeugt und die Pfade für die Libs richtig angegeben. Auch AVR programmers notepad ist korrekt eingerichtet. Aber er beginnt dann zu kompilieren und gleich am Anfang sagt er " no rule to make target... .elf ...." wo liegt das Problem denn jetzt. Ka verstehe es einfach nicht.

    Was mach ich falsch?

  2. #2
    Erfahrener Benutzer Begeisterter Techniker
    Registriert seit
    21.02.2013
    Ort
    Graz
    Beiträge
    211
    Auf Windows kenn ich mich nicht aus. Was machen die *.bat-Dateien, wenn nicht Makefiles erzeugen? Was nimmt der Generator als Input, bzw. woher erfährt der was er wissen muss über das Projekt?

    ELF ist auf alle Fälle ein Unix/Linux-Dateiformat, das "Executable and Linking Format", kann aber nicht ausschließen dass der Ausdruck hier was anderes meint.

    "no rule to make target BLAH" bedeutet normal, dass das Target das angegeben wurde (auf Linux Aufruf "make BLAH") nicht im Makefile definiert ist.

  3. #3
    Erfahrener Benutzer Roboter-Spezialist
    Registriert seit
    22.05.2009
    Ort
    Berlin
    Beiträge
    450
    Hi,
    ändere mal im Makefile die Ordnerebene Deines Programms.
    Also bei - RP6_LIB_PATH=../../RP6lib - ein ebene ../ höher oder runter. Speichern und versuchen neu zu kompilieren.

    Gruss Trainmen

  4. #4
    Erfahrener Benutzer Fleißiges Mitglied
    Registriert seit
    18.01.2010
    Ort
    Bielefeld
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    101
    Das hilft leider nicht habe 3 hoch drangehängt und auch mal komplett weg gemacht immer das gleich und zwar sieht es so aus:
    Code:
    > "C:\Users\domin_000\Desktop\rp6 neu\Programme\Solar\\make_all.bat" 
    
    C:\Users\domin_000\Desktop\rp6 neu\Programme\Solar>set LANG=C 
    
    C:\Users\domin_000\Desktop\rp6 neu\Programme\Solar>make all 
    
    -------- begin --------
    avr-gcc (GCC) 4.1.2 (WinAVR 20070525)
    Copyright (C) 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
    warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
    
    make: *** No rule to make target `Solar.elf', needed by `elf'.  Stop.
    
    > Process Exit Code: 2
    > Time Taken: 00:00
    und meine makefile sieht so aus:
    Code:
    TARGET = Solar
    RP6_LIB_PATH=../../RP6Lib
    RP6_LIB_PATH_OTHERS= $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6control $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common
    SRC = $(TARGET).c
    SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6control/RP6ControlLib.c
    SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common/RP6uart.c
    SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common/RP6I2CmasterTWI.c
    SRC += C:\Users\domin_000\Desktop\rp6 neu\RP6Lib\RP6common\RP6uart.c
    OPT=s
    # MCU name - atmega32 for RP6 Base and Processor Expansion
    MCU = atmega32
    
    
    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex
    
    
    # List Assembler source files here.
    #     Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
    #     will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    #     output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    #     Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    #     it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does
    #     care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC =
    
    
    # Debugging format.
    #     Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
    #     AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
    #     AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
    DEBUG = dwarf-2
    
    
    # List any extra directories to look for include files here.
    #     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    #     Use forward slashes for directory separators.
    #     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
    EXTRAINCDIRS = $(RP6_LIB_PATH) $(RP6_LIB_PATH_OTHERS)
    
    
    # Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
    #     c89   = "ANSI" C
    #     gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
    #     c99   = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
    #     gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
    CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99
    
    
    
    
    # DO NOT USE THIS FOR RP6 PROJECTS!
    #
    # Processor frequency.
    #     This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the
    #     processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to
    #     calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done
    #     automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
    # F_CPU = 8000000
    
    # Place -D or -U options here
    CDEFS =
    # -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL
    
    
    
    
    # Place -I options here
    CINCS =
    
    
    
    #---------------- Compiler Options ----------------
    #  -g*:          generate debugging information
    #  -O*:          optimization level
    #  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    #  -Wall...:     warning level
    #  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
    CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
    CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
    CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
    CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)
    CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
    CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)
    
    
    #---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #  -ahlms:    create listing
    #  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that
    #             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    #             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    #             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    #  -listing-cont-lines: Sets the maximum number of continuation lines of hex
    #       dump that will be displayed for a given single line of source input.
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs,--listing-cont-lines=100
    
    
    #---------------- Library Options ----------------
    # Minimalistic printf version
    PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min
    
    # Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt
    
    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
    PRINTF_LIB =
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)
    
    
    # Minimalistic scanf version
    SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min
    
    # Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt
    
    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
    SCANF_LIB =
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)
    
    
    MATH_LIB = -lm
    
    
    
    #---------------- External Memory Options ----------------
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--section-start,.data=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # only used for heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
    
    EXTMEMOPTS =
    
    
    
    #---------------- Linker Options ----------------
    #  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    #    -Map:      create map file
    #    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
    LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
    LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)
    
    
    
    #---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------
    
    # Programming hardware: alf AVR910 avrisp Bascom bsd
    # dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
    #
    # Type: avrdude -c ?
    # to get a full listing.
    #
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk500
    
    # com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
    AVRDUDE_PORT = com1    # Programmer connected to serial device
    
    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep
    
    
    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
    # see avrdude manual.
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y
    
    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
    # performed after programming the device.
    #AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V
    
    # Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
    # to submit bug reports.
    #AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v
    
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)
    
    
    
    #---------------- Debugging Options ----------------
    
    # For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
    DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)
    
    # Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
    # DEBUG_UI = gdb
    DEBUG_UI = insight
    
    # Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
    DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
    #DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr
    
    # GDB Init Filename.
    GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit
    
    # When using avarice settings for the JTAG
    JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1
    
    # Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr.
    DEBUG_PORT = 4242
    
    # Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally
    #     just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when
    #     avarice is running on a different computer.
    DEBUG_HOST = localhost
    
    
    
    #============================================================================
    
    
    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh
    CC = avr-gcc
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size
    NM = avr-nm
    AVRDUDE = avrdude
    REMOVE = rm -f
    REMOVEDIR = rmdir
    COPY = cp
    WINSHELL = cmd
    
    
    # Define Messages
    # English
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
    MSG_END = --------  end  --------
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
    MSG_LINKING = Linking:
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
    
    
    
    
    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)
    
    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(SRC:.c=.lst) $(ASRC:.S=.lst)
    
    
    # Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
    GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d
    
    
    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)
    
    
    
    
    
    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end
    
    build: elf hex lss sym
    #eep
    # EEPROM File will not be build!
    
    elf: $(TARGET).elf
    hex: $(TARGET).hex
    #eep: $(TARGET).eep
    lss: $(TARGET).lss
    sym: $(TARGET).sym
    
    
    
    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)
    
    end:
        @echo $(MSG_END)
        @echo
    
    
    # Display size of file.
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) --format=avr --mcu=$(MCU) $(TARGET).elf
    
    sizebefore:
        @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \
        2>/dev/null; echo; fi
    
    sizeafter:
        @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \
        2>/dev/null; echo; fi
    
    
    
    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion :
        @$(CC) --version
    
    
    
    # Program the device.
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
        $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)
    
    
    # Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
    #     define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set
    #     a breakpoint at main().
    gdb-config:
        @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
        @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
        @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
        @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
        @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
        @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
        @echo load  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    endif
        @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    
    debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
        @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays.
        @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \
        $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
        @$(WINSHELL) /c pause
    else
        @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \
        $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
    endif
        @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)
    
    
    
    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
    --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000
    
    
    coff: $(TARGET).elf
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
        $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    
    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
        $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    
    
    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
        $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@
    
    #%.eep: %.elf
    #    @echo
    #    @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
    #    -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags .eeprom=alloc,load \
    #    --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@
    
    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
        $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@
    
    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
    %.sym: %.elf
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
        $(NM) -n $< > $@
    
    
    
    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
        $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)
    
    
    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    %.o : %.c
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
        $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
        $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    %.o : %.S
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
        $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    # Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
    %.i : %.c
        $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list end
    
    clean_list :
        @echo
        @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
    
    # We want to keep the generated hexfiles:
    #    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
    
    #    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
        $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
        $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
        $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
        $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
        $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
        $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
        $(REMOVE) $(LST)
        $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
        $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
        $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.i)
        $(REMOVE) .dep/*
        $(REMOVEDIR) .dep
    
    
    # Include the dependency files.
    include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)
    
    
    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
    build elf hex lss sym coff extcoff \
    clean clean_list program debug gdb-config
    
    
    ###############################################################################
    # Based on WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington,
    # Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    # Released to the Public Domain.
    # Please read the "make" user manual!
    #
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
    #                Please customize the avrdude settings first!
    #
    # make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging,
    #              with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging.
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only.
    #
    # make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting
    #                   bug reports to the GCC project.
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #
    ###############################################################################

  5. #5
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von Dirk
    Registriert seit
    30.04.2004
    Ort
    NRW
    Beiträge
    3.791
    Hi copcom-weber:
    Warum nimmst du nicht ein "fertiges" makefile aus den RP6 Examples? Das funktioniert mit der Dateistruktur der RP6 Examples.
    Gruß
    Dirk

  6. #6
    Erfahrener Benutzer Roboter Genie Avatar von SlyD
    Registriert seit
    27.11.2003
    Ort
    Paderborn
    Alter
    32
    Beiträge
    1.514
    Hallo,

    wie Dirk schon sagt - nimm einfach eines der mitgelieferten Makefiles und editiere das entsprechend in einem Texteditor.
    Nen Generator muss man dafür eigentlich wirklich nicht verwenden - sind nur ein zwei Zeilen die ganz oben geändert werden müssen.

    Wichtig ist das die Verzeichnisstruktur (wo die RP6Lib relativ liegt) exakt erhalten bleibt!
    Ansonsten muss man das im Makefile entsprechend ändern.

    MfG,
    SlyD

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