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Thema: makefile?

  1. #1
    Benutzer Stammmitglied
    Registriert seit
    08.02.2010
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    makefile?

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    Hallo alle,
    ich glaube ich habe ein Problem mit dem makefile:
    Das Programm:
    Code:
    #include "RP6RobotBaseLib.h" 
    
    void hinderniss(void) 
    { 
       if (!obstacle_left && !obstacle_right && !bumper_left && !bumper_right)  // Wenn nichts vorliegt ... 
        { 
          changeDirection(FWD);    
          moveAtSpeed(75,75); 
        } 
        if (obstacle_left && obstacle_right)   // Wurde ein hinderniss erkannt ... 
        { 
         move(80, BWD, DIST_MM(200), BLOCKING);  // ... 200mm mit der Geschwindichkeit 80 zurückfahren 
         rotate(80, RIGHT, 45, BLOCKING);   // ... um 45 grad nach Rechts drehen mit der Geschwindichkeit 80 
           
         } 
    } 
    
    int main(void) 
    { 
       initRobotBase(); 
       powerON(); 
       setACSPwrMed();   // ACS auf Normale Entfernung 
          
          while(true) 
          { 
             hinderniss(); 
             task_RP6System(); 
          } 
          return 0; 
              
          
    }
    Das makefile:
    Code:
    ############################################################################### 
    # Target file name (without extension). 
    # This is the name of your main C source file! Do NOT append the ".c"! 
    # Example: Let's assume your main source file is "Hinderniss.c", then 
    # you would write: TARGET = Hinderniss 
    
    TARGET = Hinderniss
    
    ############################################################################### 
    
    
    
    ############################################################################### 
    # Specify relative path to RP6 library files here. 
    # This is "../../RP6Lib" or "../RP6Lib" usually. 
    
    RP6_LIB_PATH=../../RP6Lib 
    RP6_LIB_PATH_OTHERS= $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6base $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common 
    
    ############################################################################### 
    
    
    #------------------------------------------------ 
    # Main Source file is _automatically_ added here: 
    SRC = $(TARGET).c 
    # DO NOT EDIT THIS! 
    
    
    ############################################################################### 
    # If there is more than one source file, append them here separated by spaces. 
    # Usually you have to add the Library files here! (ONLY add c files "*.c" here, 
    # NO header files "*.h"!) 
    # Don't forget to add relative paths! 
    
    SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6base/RP6RobotBaseLib.c 
    SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common/RP6uart.c 
    #SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common/RP6I2CslaveTWI.c 
    #SRC += $(RP6_LIB_PATH)/RP6common/RP6I2CmasterTWI.c 
    
    # You can also wrap lines by appending a backslash to the end of the line 
    # like this: 
    #SRC += xyz.c \ 
    #abc.c \ 
    #asdf.c 
    # 
    ############################################################################### 
    
    
    ############################################################################### 
    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 0 turns off optimization. 
    # (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.) 
    
    OPT = s 
    
    ############################################################################### 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    #                                                                             # 
    #-----------------------------------------------------------------------------# 
    ############################################################################### 
    ######-------------------------------------------------------------------###### 
    ###### DO NOT EDIT ANYTHING BELOW IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING! ###### 
    ######-------------------------------------------------------------------###### 
    ############################################################################### 
    #-----------------------------------------------------------------------------# 
    #                                                                             # 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    # MCU name - atmega32 for RP6 Base and Processor Expansion 
    MCU = atmega32 
    
    
    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary) 
    FORMAT = ihex 
    
    
    # List Assembler source files here. 
    #     Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s 
    #     will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler 
    #     output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"! 
    #     Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same, 
    #     it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does 
    #     care about how the name is spelled on its command-line. 
    ASRC = 
    
    
    # Debugging format. 
    #     Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs. 
    #     AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2. 
    #     AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run. 
    DEBUG = dwarf-2 
    
    
    # List any extra directories to look for include files here. 
    #     Each directory must be seperated by a space. 
    #     Use forward slashes for directory separators. 
    #     For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes. 
    EXTRAINCDIRS = $(RP6_LIB_PATH) $(RP6_LIB_PATH_OTHERS) 
    
    
    # Compiler flag to set the C Standard level. 
    #     c89   = "ANSI" C 
    #     gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions 
    #     c99   = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented) 
    #     gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions 
    CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99 
    
    
    
    
    # DO NOT USE THIS FOR RP6 PROJECTS! 
    # 
    # Processor frequency. 
    #     This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the 
    #     processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to 
    #     calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done 
    #     automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code. 
    # F_CPU = 8000000 
    
    # Place -D or -U options here 
    CDEFS = 
    # -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL 
    
    
    
    
    # Place -I options here 
    CINCS = 
    
    
    
    #---------------- Compiler Options ---------------- 
    #  -g*:          generate debugging information 
    #  -O*:          optimization level 
    #  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation 
    #  -Wall...:     warning level 
    #  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler. 
    #    -adhlns...: create assembler listing 
    CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG) 
    CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS) 
    CFLAGS += -O$(OPT) 
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums 
    CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes 
    CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst) 
    CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS)) 
    CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD) 
    
    
    #---------------- Assembler Options ---------------- 
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler. 
    #  -ahlms:    create listing 
    #  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that 
    #             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames 
    #             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source 
    #             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there] 
    #  -listing-cont-lines: Sets the maximum number of continuation lines of hex 
    #       dump that will be displayed for a given single line of source input. 
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs,--listing-cont-lines=100 
    
    
    #---------------- Library Options ---------------- 
    # Minimalistic printf version 
    PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min 
    
    # Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below) 
    PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt 
    
    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version. 
    PRINTF_LIB = 
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN) 
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT) 
    
    
    # Minimalistic scanf version 
    SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min 
    
    # Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below) 
    SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt 
    
    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version. 
    SCANF_LIB = 
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN) 
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT) 
    
    
    MATH_LIB = -lm 
    
    
    
    #---------------- External Memory Options ---------------- 
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!), 
    # used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()). 
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--section-start,.data=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff 
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!), 
    # only used for heap (malloc()). 
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff 
    
    EXTMEMOPTS = 
    
    
    
    #---------------- Linker Options ---------------- 
    #  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker. 
    #    -Map:      create map file 
    #    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file 
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref 
    LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS) 
    LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB) 
    
    
    
    #---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ---------------- 
    
    # Programming hardware: alf AVR910 avrisp Bascom bsd 
    # dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500 
    # 
    # Type: avrdude -c ? 
    # to get a full listing. 
    # 
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk500 
    
    # com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port. 
    AVRDUDE_PORT = com1    # Programmer connected to serial device 
    
    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex 
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep 
    
    
    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter. 
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn, 
    # see avrdude manual. 
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y 
    
    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be 
    # performed after programming the device. 
    #AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V 
    
    # Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug 
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude> 
    # to submit bug reports. 
    #AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v 
    
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER) 
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY) 
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE) 
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER) 
    
    
    
    #---------------- Debugging Options ---------------- 
    
    # For simulavr only - target MCU frequency. 
    DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU) 
    
    # Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight. 
    # DEBUG_UI = gdb 
    DEBUG_UI = insight 
    
    # Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr. 
    DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice 
    #DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr 
    
    # GDB Init Filename. 
    GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit 
    
    # When using avarice settings for the JTAG 
    JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1 
    
    # Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr. 
    DEBUG_PORT = 4242 
    
    # Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally 
    #     just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when 
    #     avarice is running on a different computer. 
    DEBUG_HOST = localhost 
    
    
    
    #============================================================================ 
    
    
    # Define programs and commands. 
    SHELL = sh 
    CC = avr-gcc 
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy 
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump 
    SIZE = avr-size 
    NM = avr-nm 
    AVRDUDE = avrdude 
    REMOVE = rm -f 
    REMOVEDIR = rmdir 
    COPY = cp 
    WINSHELL = cmd 
    
    
    # Define Messages 
    # English 
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none 
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin -------- 
    MSG_END = --------  end  -------- 
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before: 
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after: 
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF: 
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF: 
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash: 
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM: 
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing: 
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table: 
    MSG_LINKING = Linking: 
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling: 
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling: 
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project: 
    
    
    
    
    # Define all object files. 
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o) 
    
    # Define all listing files. 
    LST = $(SRC:.c=.lst) $(ASRC:.S=.lst) 
    
    
    # Compiler flags to generate dependency files. 
    GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d 
    
    
    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags. 
    # Add target processor to flags. 
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS) 
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS) 
    
    
    
    
    
    # Default target. 
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end 
    
    build: elf hex lss sym 
    #eep 
    # EEPROM File will not be build! 
    
    elf: $(TARGET).elf 
    hex: $(TARGET).hex 
    #eep: $(TARGET).eep 
    lss: $(TARGET).lss 
    sym: $(TARGET).sym 
    
    
    
    # Eye candy. 
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on 
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job. 
    begin: 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_BEGIN) 
    
    end: 
       @echo $(MSG_END) 
       @echo 
    
    
    # Display size of file. 
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex 
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) --format=avr --mcu=$(MCU) $(TARGET).elf 
    
    sizebefore: 
       @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \ 
       2>/dev/null; echo; fi 
    
    sizeafter: 
       @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \ 
       2>/dev/null; echo; fi 
    
    
    
    # Display compiler version information. 
    gccversion : 
       @$(CC) --version 
    
    
    
    # Program the device. 
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep 
       $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM) 
    
    
    # Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following: 
    #     define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set 
    #     a breakpoint at main(). 
    gdb-config: 
       @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
       @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
       @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
       @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
       @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
       @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr) 
       @echo load  >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
    endif 
       @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE) 
    
    debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf 
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice) 
       @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays. 
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \ 
       $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT) 
       @$(WINSHELL) /c pause 
    else 
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \ 
       $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT) 
    endif 
       @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE) 
    
    
    
    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB. 
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \ 
    --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \ 
    --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \ 
    --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \ 
    --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000 
    
    
    coff: $(TARGET).elf 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof 
       $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof 
    
    
    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof 
       $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof 
    
    
    
    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file. 
    %.hex: %.elf 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@ 
       $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@ 
    
    #%.eep: %.elf 
    #   @echo 
    #   @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@ 
    #   -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags .eeprom=alloc,load \ 
    #   --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@ 
    
    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file. 
    %.lss: %.elf 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@ 
       $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@ 
    
    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file. 
    %.sym: %.elf 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@ 
       $(NM) -n $< > $@ 
    
    
    
    # Link: create ELF output file from object files. 
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf 
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ) 
    %.elf: $(OBJ) 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@ 
       $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS) 
    
    
    # Compile: create object files from C source files. 
    %.o : %.c 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $< 
       $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 
    
    
    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files. 
    %.s : %.c 
       $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 
    
    
    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files. 
    %.o : %.S 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $< 
       $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@ 
    
    # Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report. 
    %.i : %.c 
       $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 
    
    
    # Target: clean project. 
    clean: begin clean_list end 
    
    clean_list : 
       @echo 
       @echo $(MSG_CLEANING) 
    
    # We want to keep the generated hexfiles: 
    #   $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex 
    
    #   $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep 
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof 
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf 
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map 
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym 
       $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss 
       $(REMOVE) $(OBJ) 
       $(REMOVE) $(LST) 
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s) 
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d) 
       $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.i) 
       $(REMOVE) .dep/* 
       $(REMOVEDIR) .dep 
    
    
    # Include the dependency files. 
    include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*) 
    
    
    # Listing of phony targets. 
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \ 
    build elf hex lss sym coff extcoff \ 
    clean clean_list program debug gdb-config 
    
    
    ############################################################################### 
    # Based on WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, 
    # Jörg Wunsch, et al. 
    # Released to the Public Domain. 
    # Please read the "make" user manual! 
    # 
    # On command line: 
    # 
    # make all = Make software. 
    # 
    # make clean = Clean out built project files. 
    # 
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF. 
    # 
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF. 
    # 
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude. 
    #                Please customize the avrdude settings first! 
    # 
    # make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging, 
    #              with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging. 
    # 
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only. 
    # 
    # make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting 
    #                   bug reports to the GCC project. 
    # 
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all". 
    # 
    ###############################################################################
    Raus kommt:
    Code:
    > "D:\Roboter\Programme\BASE\Hinderniss\\make_all.bat" 
    
    D:\Roboter\Programme\BASE\Hinderniss>set LANG=C 
    
    D:\Roboter\Programme\BASE\Hinderniss>make all 
    makefile:383: *** missing separator.  Stop.
    
    > Process Exit Code: 2
    > Time Taken: 00:00
    Kann mir bitte mal einer sagen was das bedeuten soll und woran das liegt?
    Beeper:BeeppipBeeeppiep
    Vogel:BeeppipBeeeppiep

  2. #2
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    09.05.2010
    Beiträge
    19
    Hallo,

    "make" ist eine Wissenschaft für sich. Und Du hast dort ein sehr großes Makefile!

    Die Meldung
    D:\Roboter\Programme\BASE\Hinderniss>make all
    makefile:383: *** missing separator. Stop.
    wird oft geworfen, wenn, an den Befehlzeilen, keine "Tabs" sondern Blanks eingefügt sind. Schau mal bei Zeile 383 nach, die Einrückungen dürfen keine Blanks sein, sondern müssen TABS sein, sonst interpretiert make das nicht als Befehlszeile.

    mfg

  3. #3
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    25.04.2010
    Beiträge
    29

    makefile

    Hallo

    Benutzt du einen RP6 sieht auf jeden fall mal so aus!

    Das makefile unterscheidet sich aber sehr zum originalen des RP6, hast du da etwas geändert?

    Ich würde mir das original makefile der RP6 Beispielprojekte kopieren und den Namen und pfad ändern, dann müsst es doch funktionieren

    Gruss

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