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Thema: Probleme beim Comilieren

  1. #1
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    12.08.2008
    Beiträge
    11

    Probleme beim Comilieren

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    Hallo
    ich habe in der Schule schon mit dem Asuro programmiert und hat alles auch soweit gut funktioniert. Nun habe ich mir selber einen besorgt. Zusammenlöten hat alles geklappt. Nun wollte ich programmieren. Habe WinAVR nach der Anleitung installiert und den ersten test.c compiliert. Hat ohne probleme funktioniert. Nun habe ich mir das Programm (.c) aus der Schule mitgenommen und wollte es auf meinem Asuro überspielen. Dazu wollte ich es compilieren. Aber dann kommen die Fehler:

    Code:
    > "make.exe" all
    
    -------- begin --------
    avr-gcc (WinAVR 20080610) 4.3.0
    Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
    warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
    
    
    Compiling: firsttry.c
    avr-gcc -c -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -gstabs   -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-adhlns=firsttry.lst  -std=gnu99 -Wp,-M,-MP,-MT,firsttry.o,-MF,.dep/firsttry.o.d firsttry.c -o firsttry.o 
    ./asuro.h:71: warning: inline function 'MotorSpeed' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:66: warning: inline function 'MotorDir' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:56: warning: inline function 'FrontLED' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:52: warning: inline function 'StatusLED' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:71: warning: inline function 'MotorSpeed' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:66: warning: inline function 'MotorDir' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:56: warning: inline function 'FrontLED' declared but never defined
    ./asuro.h:52: warning: inline function 'StatusLED' declared but never defined
    
    Compiling: asuro.c
    avr-gcc -c -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -gstabs   -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-adhlns=asuro.lst  -std=gnu99 -Wp,-M,-MP,-MT,asuro.o,-MF,.dep/asuro.o.d asuro.c -o asuro.o 
    
    Linking: firsttry.elf
    avr-gcc -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -gstabs   -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-adhlns=firsttry.o  -std=gnu99 -Wp,-M,-MP,-MT,firsttry.o,-MF,.dep/firsttry.elf.d firsttry.o asuro.o   --output firsttry.elf -Wl,-Map=firsttry.map,--cref    -lm
    firsttry.o: In function `main':
    firsttry.c:42: undefined reference to `FrontLED'
    firsttry.c:43: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:44: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:51: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:57: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:58: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:61: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:62: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    make.exe: *** [firsttry.elf] Error 1
    
    > Process Exit Code: 2
    > Time Taken: 00:03
    Der Lehrer hat das makefile auch schon so abgeändert für firsttry
    Der Code was ich compilieren ist
    Code:
    #include "asuro.h"
    void delay(int zlr);
    unsigned char taste;
    unsigned char PollSwitch(void);
    
    int main(void)
    {				
      Init();
      
      while(1)
      {
      FrontLED(ON);
      MotorDir(FWD,FWD);
      MotorSpeed(130,128);
      
       
      taste = PollSwitch();
    		
    		if (taste > 2 ) 
    		{
    		MotorSpeed(0,0);
    		BackLED(ON,ON);
    		delay(500);
    		
    		    while(1)
    		    {
    			MotorDir(RWD,RWD);
                MotorSpeed(130,128);
                delay(300);
    						
    			MotorDir(BREAK,RWD);
                MotorSpeed(130,128);
    			delay(800);
    			BackLED(OFF,OFF);
    			break;			 
    		    }
    		}
     }
      return 0;
    }
    
    void delay (int zlr)
    {
      unsigned int i;
      i = 1;
      while (i < zlr)			
      {
         Sleep (72);			
         i++;
      }
      return;
    }
    vielleicht kann mir jemand helfen. Danke

  2. #2
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein
    Registriert seit
    06.02.2005
    Ort
    Hamburg
    Alter
    31
    Beiträge
    4.255
    Bitte noch das makefile!

  3. #3
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    12.08.2008
    Beiträge
    11
    kein problem in der schule hat das halt noch ohne probleme funktioniert
    Code:
    # Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
    #
    # WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    # Released to the Public Domain
    # Please read the make user manual!
    #
    # Additional material for this makefile was submitted by:
    #  Tim Henigan
    #  Peter Fleury
    #  Reiner Patommel
    #  Sander Pool
    #  Frederik Rouleau
    #  Markus Pfaff
    #
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF (for use with AVR Studio 3.x or VMLAB).
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF (for use with AVR Studio
    #                4.07 or greater).
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.  Please
    #                customize the avrdude settings below first!
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #
    
    
    # MCU name
    MCU = atmega8
    
    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex
    
    # Target file name (without extension).
    ifndef target
    TARGET = firsttry
    else
    TARGET = $(target)
    endif
    
    
    # List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    SRC = $(TARGET).c asuro.c  
    
    
    # List Assembler source files here.
    # Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
    # will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    # output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    # Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    # it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does
    # care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC = 
    
    
    
    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 
    # 0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
    # (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
    OPT = s
    
    # Debugging format.
    # Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are stabs [default], or dwarf-2.
    # AVR (extended) COFF requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
    DEBUG = stabs
    
    # List any extra directories to look for include files here.
    #     Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    EXTRAINCDIRS = 
    
    
    # Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
    # c89   - "ANSI" C
    # gnu89 - c89 plus GCC extensions
    # c99   - ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
    # gnu99 - c99 plus GCC extensions
    CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99
    
    # Place -D or -U options here
    CDEFS =
    
    # Place -I options here
    CINCS =
    
    
    # Compiler flags.
    #  -g*:          generate debugging information
    #  -O*:          optimization level
    #  -f...:        tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    #  -Wall...:     warning level
    #  -Wa,...:      tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #    -adhlns...: create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
    CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
    CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
    CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
    CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)
    CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
    CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)
    
    
    
    # Assembler flags.
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #  -ahlms:    create listing
    #  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that
    #             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    #             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    #             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs 
    
    
    
    #Additional libraries.
    
    # Minimalistic printf version
    PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min
    
    # Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt
    
    PRINTF_LIB = 
    
    # Minimalistic scanf version
    SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min
    
    # Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt
    
    SCANF_LIB = 
    
    MATH_LIB = -lm
    
    # External memory options
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
    
    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # only used for heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff
    
    EXTMEMOPTS =
    
    # Linker flags.
    #  -Wl,...:     tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    #    -Map:      create map file
    #    --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
    LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
    LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)
    
    
    
    
    # Programming support using avrdude. Settings and variables.
    
    # Programming hardware: alf AVR910 avrisp Bascom bsd 
    # dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
    #
    # Type: avrdude -c ?
    # to get a full listing.
    #
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk500
    
    # com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
    AVRDUDE_PORT = com1    # Programmer connected to serial device
    
    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep
    
    
    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
    # see avrdude manual.
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y
    
    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
    # performed after programming the device.
    #AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V
    
    # Increase verbosity level.  Please use this when submitting bug
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude> 
    # to submit bug reports.
    #AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v
    
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)
    
    
    
    # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    # Define directories, if needed.
    DIRAVR = c:/winavr
    DIRAVRBIN = $(DIRAVR)/bin
    DIRAVRUTILS = $(DIRAVR)/utils/bin
    DIRINC = .
    DIRLIB = $(DIRAVR)/avr/lib
    
    
    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh
    CC = avr-gcc
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size
    NM = avr-nm
    AVRDUDE = avrdude
    REMOVE = rm -f
    COPY = cp
    
    
    
    
    # Define Messages
    # English
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
    MSG_END = --------  end  --------
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before: 
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
    MSG_LINKING = Linking:
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:
    
    
    
    
    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o) 
    
    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)
    
    
    # Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
    GENDEPFLAGS = -Wp,-M,-MP,-MT,$(*F).o,-MF,.dep/$(@F).d
    
    
    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)
    
    
    
    
    
    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter finished extcoff end
    
    build: elf hex eep lss sym
    
    elf: $(TARGET).elf
    hex: $(TARGET).hex
    eep: $(TARGET).eep
    lss: $(TARGET).lss 
    sym: $(TARGET).sym
    
    
    
    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_BEGIN)
    
    finished:
    	@echo $(MSG_ERRORS_NONE)
    
    end:
    	@echo $(MSG_END)
    	@echo
    
    
    # Display size of file.
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
    sizebefore:
    	@if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); echo; fi
    
    sizeafter:
    	@if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); echo; fi
    
    
    
    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion : 
    	@$(CC) --version
    
    
    
    # Program the device.  
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
    	$(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)
    
    
    
    
    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
    --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000 
    
    
    coff: $(TARGET).elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    	$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    
    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    	$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    
    
    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
    	$(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@
    
    %.eep: %.elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
    	-$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
    	--change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@
    
    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
    	$(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@
    
    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
    %.sym: %.elf
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
    	$(NM) -n $< > $@
    
    
    
    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
    	$(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(OBJ) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)
    
    
    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    %.o : %.c
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
    	$(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@ 
    
    
    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
    	$(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    %.o : %.S
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
    	$(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    
    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list finished end
    
    clean_list :
    	@echo
    	@echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).a90
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lnk
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
    	$(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
    	$(REMOVE) $(LST)
    	$(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
    	$(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
    	$(REMOVE) .dep/*
    
    
    
    # Include the dependency files.
    -include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)
    
    
    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
    build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
    clean clean_list program

  4. #4
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein
    Registriert seit
    06.02.2005
    Ort
    Hamburg
    Alter
    31
    Beiträge
    4.255
    Dein makefile ergibt bei mir etliche komische Fehler. Versuch mal das:
    Code:
    # WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    # Released to the Public Domain
    # Please read the make user manual!
    #
    #
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF (for use with AVR Studio 3.x or VMLAB).
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF (for use with AVR Studio
    #                4.07 or greater).
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.  Please
    #                customize the avrdude settings below first!
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #
    
    
    # MCU name
    MCU = atmega8
    
    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex
    
    # Target file name (without extension).
    TARGET = firsttry
    
    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 0 turns off optimization.
    # (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
    OPT = s
    
    
    # List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    SRC = $(TARGET).c
    
    # If there is more than one source file, append them above, or adjust and
    # uncomment the following:
    SRC += asuro.c
    
    # You can also wrap lines by appending a backslash to the end of the line:
    #SRC += baz.c \
    #xyzzy.c
    
    
    
    # List Assembler source files here.
    # Make them always end in a capital .S.  Files ending in a lowercase .s
    # will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    # output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    # Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    # it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does
    # care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC = 
    
    
    
    
    # Optional compiler flags.
    #  -g:        generate debugging information (for GDB, or for COFF conversion)
    #  -O*:       optimization level
    #  -f...:     tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    #  -Wall...:  warning level
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #    -ahlms:  create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g -O$(OPT) \
    	-funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums \
    	-Wall -Wstrict-prototypes \
    	-Wa,-ahlms=$(<:.c=.lst)
    
    
    
    # Optional assembler flags.
    #  -Wa,...:   tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    #  -ahlms:    create listing
    #  -gstabs:   have the assembler create line number information; note that
    #             for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    #             and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    #             files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-ahlms=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs 
    
    
    
    # Optional linker flags.
    #  -Wl,...:   tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    #  -Map:      create map file
    #  --cref:    add cross reference to  map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
    
    
    
    # Additional libraries
    #
    # Minimalistic printf version
    #LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min
    #
    # Floating point printf version (requires -lm below)
    #LDFLAGS +=  -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt
    #
    # -lm = math library
    LDFLAGS += -lm
    
    
    
    # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
    # Define directories, if needed.
    DIRAVR = c:/winavr
    DIRAVRBIN = $(DIRAVR)/bin
    DIRAVRUTILS = $(DIRAVR)/utils/bin
    DIRINC = .
    DIRLIB = $(DIRAVR)/avr/lib
    
    
    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh
    
    CC = avr-gcc
    
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size
    
    REMOVE = rm -f
    COPY = cp
    
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
    
    FINISH = echo Errors: none
    BEGIN = echo -------- begin --------
    END = echo --------  end  --------
    
    
    
    
    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o) 
    
    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)
    
    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)
    
    
    
    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore $(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep \
    	$(TARGET).lss sizeafter finished end
    
    
    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
    	@$(BEGIN)
    
    finished:
    	@$(FINISH)
    
    end:
    	@$(END)
    
    
    # Display size of file.
    sizebefore:
    	@if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo Size before:; $(ELFSIZE);fi
    
    sizeafter:
    	@if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo Size after:; $(ELFSIZE);fi
    
    
    
    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion : 
    	$(CC) --version
    
    
    
    
    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in
    # AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
    	--change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
    	--change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
    	--change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
    	--change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000 
    
    
    coff: $(TARGET).elf
    	$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    
    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
    	$(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof
    
    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
    	$(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@
    
    %.eep: %.elf
    	-$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
    	--change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@
    
    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
    	$(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@
    
    
    
    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
    	$(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(OBJ) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)
    
    
    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    %.o : %.c
    	$(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
    	$(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    %.o : %.S
    	$(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@
    
    
    
    
    
    
    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list finished end
    
    clean_list :
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).a90
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lnk
    	$(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
    	$(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
    	$(REMOVE) $(LST)
    	$(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
    	$(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
    
    
    # Automatically generate C source code dependencies. 
    # (Code originally taken from the GNU make user manual and modified 
    # (See README.txt Credits).)
    #
    # Note that this will work with sh (bash) and sed that is shipped with WinAVR
    # (see the SHELL variable defined above).
    # This may not work with other shells or other seds.
    #
    %.d: %.c
    	set -e; $(CC) -MM $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< \
    	| sed 's,\(.*\)\.o[ :]*,\1.o \1.d : ,g' > $@; \
    	[ -s $@ ] || rm -f $@
    
    
    # Remove the '-' if you want to see the dependency files generated.
    -include $(SRC:.c=.d)
    
    
    
    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion coff extcoff \
    	clean clean_list program
    Das ist im wesentlichen das makefile von der CD, ich habe bloß den Dateinamen auf firsttry geändert. Damit klappt dein Code bei mir.

  5. #5
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    12.08.2008
    Beiträge
    11
    also von deinem makefile kommt bei mir folgendes problem
    makefile:286: *** missing separator. Stop.

    und dann hab ich das makefile von der CD genommen und den namen von test in firsttry geändert dann kommt das problem:
    Code:
    > "make.exe" all
    set -e; avr-gcc -MM -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -g -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-ahlms=asuro.lst asuro.c \
    	| sed 's,\(.*\)\.o[ :]*,\1.o \1.d : ,g' > asuro.d; \
    	[ -s asuro.d ] || rm -f asuro.d
    set -e; avr-gcc -MM -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -g -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-ahlms=firsttry.lst firsttry.c \
    	| sed 's,\(.*\)\.o[ :]*,\1.o \1.d : ,g' > firsttry.d; \
    	[ -s firsttry.d ] || rm -f firsttry.d
    -------- begin --------
    avr-gcc --version
    avr-gcc (WinAVR 20080610) 4.3.0
    Copyright (C) 2008 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO
    warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
    
    avr-gcc -mmcu=atmega8 -I. -g -Os -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -Wa,-ahlms=firsttry.o firsttry.o asuro.o   --output firsttry.elf -Wl,-Map=firsttry.map,--cref -lm
    firsttry.o: In function `main':
    firsttry.c:42: undefined reference to `FrontLED'
    firsttry.c:43: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:44: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:51: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:57: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:58: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    firsttry.c:61: undefined reference to `MotorDir'
    firsttry.c:62: undefined reference to `MotorSpeed'
    make.exe: *** [firsttry.elf] Error 1
    
    > Process Exit Code: 2
    > Time Taken: 00:04

  6. #6
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein
    Registriert seit
    06.02.2005
    Ort
    Hamburg
    Alter
    31
    Beiträge
    4.255
    Ich hab eben noch was reineditiert, ich hatte erst versehentlich deins wieder gepostet. Und da beomme ich auch den separator-Fehler.

  7. #7
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    12.08.2008
    Beiträge
    11
    jetzt kommt der fehler:
    makefile:167: *** missing separator. Stop.

  8. #8
    Erfahrener Benutzer Roboter Genie
    Registriert seit
    29.05.2005
    Beiträge
    1.018
    Hallo zusammen,

    an joi erst einmal ein herzliches willkommen im Forum.

    Unabhängig von euren Bemühungen fällt mir noch eine ganz andere Möglichkeit dazu ein.

    Aus deinem ersten Post in diesem Thread joi, geht hervor, dass beim Übersetzen die Datei asuro.h includet wurde, aber einige Funktionen mit "xxxx declared but never defined" zwar bekannt, aber nicht vorhanden sind.

    Im dem zweiten Post (Makefile) sieht man, dass die Datei firsttry.c und asuro.c compiliert und gelinkt werden sollen.

    Die Datei asuro.c wurde aber gegenüber der CD-Version in eine LIB zerlegt.
    Ich vermute, dass ihr in der Schule NICHT mit einer Asuro-LIB arbeitet, und du joi zuhause aber eine LIB benutzt.
    Dann sind die fehlenden Funktionen auch nicht mehr in der Datei asuro.c (aber in asuro.h bekanntgegeben) und werden so halt angemeckert.

    Wenn das so ist, musst du zu Hause ein Makefile für die LIB benutzten.

    Viel Erfolg und
    Gruß Sternthaler
    Lieber Asuro programieren als arbeiten gehen.

  9. #9
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
    Registriert seit
    12.08.2008
    Beiträge
    11
    also danke an alle hat funktioniert habe das programm aus firsttry kopiert und in test eingefügt. Gibt es ein WinAVR das unter vista 64 bit funktioniert?

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