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Thema: Beim make schon schrieben?

  1. #1

    Beim make schon schrieben?

    Hai!

    Also, ich habe grad angefangen den Mega32 mit C zu programmieren.
    Habe versucht mich an das Wiki bei mikrocontroller.net zu halten.

    Da wird zwar immer von ausgegangen, dass alles shcon passend iengestellt wäre in den Programmen. War bei mir nicht der Fall, aber das habe ich shcon in den Griff bekommen.

    Jetzt geht das bei mir so: Ich tippse mein Prog. in Programmersnotepad. Mache daraus ein "make all" und lade dann in Pony die .hex und übertrage sie. Funktioniert auch .. aber...

    Wenn ich das richtig verstanden habe, dann kann ich mir das Gemache mit Pony auch sparen und aus der Makefile heraus das ganze mit z.B. avrdude machen, gell?

    Leider passiert da bei mir nischt... deswgene wollte ich da mal nach Hilfe betteln. Ich habe halt das RN-Controll 1.4 und programmiere den AVR mit dem PPort -Programmer ... war auch fertig gekauft.

    Ich habe WinAVR auch komplett installiert und avrdude ist auch drin... hab schon nachgesehen.

    Und im nächsten Posting, packe ichmeine Makefile rein.

    Ich hoffe ich habe nicht zu wild durcheinandergeredet... und mein Wunsch ist etwas rausgekommen

    Mfg, Sascha

  2. #2
    # WinAVR Sample makefile written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    # Released to the Public Domain
    # Please read the make user manual!
    #
    # Additional material for this makefile was submitted by:
    # Tim Henigan
    # Peter Fleury
    # Reiner Patommel
    # Sander Pool
    # Frederik Rouleau
    # Markus Pfaff
    #
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF (for use with AVR Studio 3.x or VMLAB).
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF (for use with AVR Studio
    # 4.07 or greater).
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude. Please
    # customize the avrdude settings below first!
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #


    # MCU name
    MCU = atmega32

    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex

    # Target file name (without extension).
    TARGET = test

    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s]. 0 turns off optimization.
    # (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
    OPT = s


    # List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    SRC = $(TARGET).c

    # If there is more than one source file, append them above, or modify and
    # uncomment the following:
    #SRC += foo.c bar.c

    # You can also wrap lines by appending a backslash to the end of the line:
    #SRC += baz.c \
    #xyzzy.c



    # List Assembler source files here.
    # Make them always end in a capital .S. Files ending in a lowercase .s
    # will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    # output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    # Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    # it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does
    # care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC =


    # List any extra directories to look for include files here.
    # Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    EXTRAINCDIRS =


    # Optional compiler flags.
    # -g: generate debugging information (for GDB, or for COFF conversion)
    # -O*: optimization level
    # -f...: tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    # -Wall...: warning level
    # -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    # -ahlms: create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g -O$(OPT) \
    -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums \
    -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes \
    -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst) \
    $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))


    # Set a "language standard" compiler flag.
    # Unremark just one line below to set the language standard to use.
    # gnu99 = C99 + GNU extensions. See GCC manual for more information.
    #CFLAGS += -std=c89
    #CFLAGS += -std=gnu89
    #CFLAGS += -std=c99
    CFLAGS += -std=gnu99



    # Optional assembler flags.
    # -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    # -ahlms: create listing
    # -gstabs: have the assembler create line number information; note that
    # for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    # and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    # files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs



    # Optional linker flags.
    # -Wl,...: tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    # -Map: create map file
    # --cref: add cross reference to map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref



    # Additional libraries

    # Minimalistic printf version
    #LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

    # Floating point printf version (requires -lm below)
    #LDFLAGS += -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

    # -lm = math library
    LDFLAGS += -lm




    # Programming support using avrdude. Settings and variables.

    # Programming hardware: alf AVR910 avrisp Bascom bsd
    # dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
    #
    # Type: avrdude -c ?
    # to get a full listing.
    #
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = avrisp


    #AVRDUDE_PORT = com1 # Programmer connected to serial device
    AVRDUDE_PORT = lpt1 # Programmer connected to parallel port

    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep

    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)

    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
    # see avrdude manual.
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE += -y

    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
    # performed after programming the device.
    #AVRDUDE_FLAGS += -V

    # Increase verbosity level. Please use this when submitting bug
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
    # to submit bug reports.
    #AVRDUDE_FLAGS += -v -v




    # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    # Define directories, if needed.
    DIRAVR = C:\Programme\WinAVR
    DIRAVRBIN = $(DIRAVR)/bin
    DIRAVRUTILS = $(DIRAVR)/utils/bin
    DIRINC = .
    DIRLIB = $(DIRAVR)/avr/lib


    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh

    CC = avr-gcc

    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size


    # Programming support using avrdude.
    AVRDUDE = avrdude


    REMOVE = rm -f
    COPY = cp

    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf



    # Define Messages
    # English
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
    MSG_END = -------- end --------
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
    MSG_LINKING = Linking:
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:




    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)

    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(ASRC:.S=.lst) $(SRC:.c=.lst)

    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)



    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore $(TARGET).elf $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep \
    $(TARGET).lss $(TARGET).sym sizeafter finished end


    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

    finished:
    @echo $(MSG_ERRORS_NONE)

    end:
    @echo $(MSG_END)
    @echo


    # Display size of file.
    sizebefore:
    @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); echo; fi

    sizeafter:
    @if [ -f $(TARGET).elf ]; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); echo; fi



    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion :
    @$(CC) --version




    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in
    # AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
    --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000


    coff: $(TARGET).elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof


    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof




    # Program the device.
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
    $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)




    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
    $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@

    %.eep: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
    -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
    --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@

    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
    $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@

    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
    %.sym: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
    avr-nm -n $< > $@



    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
    $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $(OBJ) --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)


    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    %.o : %.c
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
    $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
    $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    %.o : %.S
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
    $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@






    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list finished end

    clean_list :
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).obj
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).a90
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lnk
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
    $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
    $(REMOVE) $(LST)
    $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
    $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)


    # Automatically generate C source code dependencies.
    # (Code originally taken from the GNU make user manual and modified
    # (See README.txt Credits).)
    #
    # Note that this will work with sh (bash) and sed that is shipped with WinAVR
    # (see the SHELL variable defined above).
    # This may not work with other shells or other seds.
    #
    %.d: %.c
    set -e; $(CC) -MM $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< \
    | sed 's,\(.*\)\.o[ :]*,\1.o \1.d : ,g' > $@; \
    [ -s $@ ] || rm -f $@


    # Remove the '-' if you want to see the dependency files generated.
    -include $(SRC:.c=.d)



    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion coff extcoff \
    clean clean_list program

  3. #3
    Erfahrener Benutzer Roboter Genie
    Registriert seit
    22.11.2003
    Beiträge
    991
    Probierst mal mit :
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk200

    Das würde dann vermutlich dem Programmer entsprechenden den du hast...

    MfG Kjion

  4. #4
    Ja, der stand Anfangs auch drin. Aber als es nicht ging, habe ich mal bei Pony nachgesehen, und hab da ziemlich genau den benutzt gehabt. Und in Pony funktionierte es ja ... aber, vielleicht hatte ich ja vorher was verdudelt... werde es jedenfalls nochmal ausprobieren mit dem stk200

    Danke, Sascha.

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