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Thema: Fehlermeldung bei MakeAll (WinAVR)

  1. #1
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    Fehlermeldung bei MakeAll (WinAVR)

    Anzeige

    Ich brauche Hilfe beim programmieren.

    Habe folgenden Aufbau:
    LapTop mit serieller Schnittstelle an der ein ISP-Programmiergerät angeschlossen ist. Mit diesem Gerät ist der Mycrocontroller verbunden.

    ATMega32. Ich kann mit PonyProg den Flash auslesen, das heißt ich kann mit dem ATMEga kommunizieren.

    Habe jetzt mit WinAVR MFile ein makefile erstellt. Dort habe ich den ATMega32 eingestellt. Mehr nicht.

    Mit dem ProgrammersNotepad habe ich dann ein Lauflichprogramm eingefügt und habe auf MakeAll gedrückt, aber es kommt folgende
    Fehlermeldung:

    C:\WinAVR\utils\bin\make.exe: *** No rule to make target `mainATMegaITG.o', needed by `mainATMegaITG.elf'. Stop.

    > Process Exit Code: 2

    bitte um hilfe

  2. #2
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von SprinterSB
    Registriert seit
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    2.801
    DU hast einen Fehler im Makefile.
    Disclaimer: none. Sue me.

  3. #3
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
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    Was könnte das für ein Fehler sein?

    Hab das nach einem Tutorial von www.kreatives-chaos.com probiert.

    Verwende folgendes MAkefile:




    # Hey Emacs, this is a -*- makefile -*-
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # WinAVR Makefile Template written by Eric B. Weddington, Jörg Wunsch, et al.
    #
    # Released to the Public Domain
    #
    # Additional material for this makefile was written by:
    # Peter Fleury
    # Tim Henigan
    # Colin O'Flynn
    # Reiner Patommel
    # Markus Pfaff
    # Sander Pool
    # Frederik Rouleau
    #
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    # On command line:
    #
    # make all = Make software.
    #
    # make clean = Clean out built project files.
    #
    # make coff = Convert ELF to AVR COFF.
    #
    # make extcoff = Convert ELF to AVR Extended COFF.
    #
    # make program = Download the hex file to the device, using avrdude.
    # Please customize the avrdude settings below first!
    #
    # make debug = Start either simulavr or avarice as specified for debugging,
    # with avr-gdb or avr-insight as the front end for debugging.
    #
    # make filename.s = Just compile filename.c into the assembler code only.
    #
    # make filename.i = Create a preprocessed source file for use in submitting
    # bug reports to the GCC project.
    #
    # To rebuild project do "make clean" then "make all".
    #----------------------------------------------------------------------------


    # MCU name
    MCU = atmega32


    # Processor frequency.
    # This will define a symbol, F_CPU, in all source code files equal to the
    # processor frequency. You can then use this symbol in your source code to
    # calculate timings. Do NOT tack on a 'UL' at the end, this will be done
    # automatically to create a 32-bit value in your source code.
    F_CPU = 8000000


    # Output format. (can be srec, ihex, binary)
    FORMAT = ihex


    # Target file name (without extension).
    TARGET = mainATMegaITG


    # List C source files here. (C dependencies are automatically generated.)
    SRC = $(TARGET).c


    # List Assembler source files here.
    # Make them always end in a capital .S. Files ending in a lowercase .s
    # will not be considered source files but generated files (assembler
    # output from the compiler), and will be deleted upon "make clean"!
    # Even though the DOS/Win* filesystem matches both .s and .S the same,
    # it will preserve the spelling of the filenames, and GCC itself does
    # care about how the name is spelled on its command-line.
    ASRC =


    # Optimization level, can be [0, 1, 2, 3, s].
    # 0 = turn off optimization. s = optimize for size.
    # (Note: 3 is not always the best optimization level. See avr-libc FAQ.)
    OPT = s


    # Debugging format.
    # Native formats for AVR-GCC's -g are dwarf-2 [default] or stabs.
    # AVR Studio 4.10 requires dwarf-2.
    # AVR [Extended] COFF format requires stabs, plus an avr-objcopy run.
    DEBUG = stabs


    # List any extra directories to look for include files here.
    # Each directory must be seperated by a space.
    # Use forward slashes for directory separators.
    # For a directory that has spaces, enclose it in quotes.
    EXTRAINCDIRS =


    # Compiler flag to set the C Standard level.
    # c89 = "ANSI" C
    # gnu89 = c89 plus GCC extensions
    # c99 = ISO C99 standard (not yet fully implemented)
    # gnu99 = c99 plus GCC extensions
    CSTANDARD = -std=gnu99


    # Place -D or -U options here
    CDEFS = -DF_CPU=$(F_CPU)UL


    # Place -I options here
    CINCS =



    #---------------- Compiler Options ----------------
    # -g*: generate debugging information
    # -O*: optimization level
    # -f...: tuning, see GCC manual and avr-libc documentation
    # -Wall...: warning level
    # -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    # -adhlns...: create assembler listing
    CFLAGS = -g$(DEBUG)
    CFLAGS += $(CDEFS) $(CINCS)
    CFLAGS += -O$(OPT)
    CFLAGS += -funsigned-char -funsigned-bitfields -fpack-struct -fshort-enums
    CFLAGS += -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes
    CFLAGS += -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.c=.lst)
    CFLAGS += $(patsubst %,-I%,$(EXTRAINCDIRS))
    CFLAGS += $(CSTANDARD)


    #---------------- Assembler Options ----------------
    # -Wa,...: tell GCC to pass this to the assembler.
    # -ahlms: create listing
    # -gstabs: have the assembler create line number information; note that
    # for use in COFF files, additional information about filenames
    # and function names needs to be present in the assembler source
    # files -- see avr-libc docs [FIXME: not yet described there]
    ASFLAGS = -Wa,-adhlns=$(<:.S=.lst),-gstabs


    #---------------- Library Options ----------------
    # Minimalistic printf version
    PRINTF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_min

    # Floating point printf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfprintf -lprintf_flt

    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard printf version.
    PRINTF_LIB =
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_MIN)
    #PRINTF_LIB = $(PRINTF_LIB_FLOAT)


    # Minimalistic scanf version
    SCANF_LIB_MIN = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_min

    # Floating point + %[ scanf version (requires MATH_LIB = -lm below)
    SCANF_LIB_FLOAT = -Wl,-u,vfscanf -lscanf_flt

    # If this is left blank, then it will use the Standard scanf version.
    SCANF_LIB =
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_MIN)
    #SCANF_LIB = $(SCANF_LIB_FLOAT)


    MATH_LIB = -lm



    #---------------- External Memory Options ----------------

    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # used for variables (.data/.bss) and heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,-Tdata=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

    # 64 KB of external RAM, starting after internal RAM (ATmega128!),
    # only used for heap (malloc()).
    #EXTMEMOPTS = -Wl,--defsym=__heap_start=0x801100,--defsym=__heap_end=0x80ffff

    EXTMEMOPTS =



    #---------------- Linker Options ----------------
    # -Wl,...: tell GCC to pass this to linker.
    # -Map: create map file
    # --cref: add cross reference to map file
    LDFLAGS = -Wl,-Map=$(TARGET).map,--cref
    LDFLAGS += $(EXTMEMOPTS)
    LDFLAGS += $(PRINTF_LIB) $(SCANF_LIB) $(MATH_LIB)



    #---------------- Programming Options (avrdude) ----------------

    # Programming hardware: alf AVR910 avrisp Bascom bsd
    # dt006 pavr picoweb pony-stk200 sp12 stk200 stk500
    #
    # Type: avrdude -c ?
    # to get a full listing.
    #
    AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER = stk200

    # com1 = serial port. Use lpt1 to connect to parallel port.
    AVRDUDE_PORT = com1 # Programmer connected to serial device

    AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH = -U flash:w:$(TARGET).hex
    #AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM = -U eeprom:w:$(TARGET).eep


    # Uncomment the following if you want avrdude's erase cycle counter.
    # Note that this counter needs to be initialized first using -Yn,
    # see avrdude manual.
    #AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER = -y

    # Uncomment the following if you do /not/ wish a verification to be
    # performed after programming the device.
    #AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY = -V

    # Increase verbosity level. Please use this when submitting bug
    # reports about avrdude. See <http://savannah.nongnu.org/projects/avrdude>
    # to submit bug reports.
    #AVRDUDE_VERBOSE = -v -v

    AVRDUDE_FLAGS = -p $(MCU) -P $(AVRDUDE_PORT) -c $(AVRDUDE_PROGRAMMER)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_NO_VERIFY)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_VERBOSE)
    AVRDUDE_FLAGS += $(AVRDUDE_ERASE_COUNTER)


    #---------------- Debugging Options ----------------

    # For simulavr only - target MCU frequency.
    DEBUG_MFREQ = $(F_CPU)

    # Set the DEBUG_UI to either gdb or insight.
    # DEBUG_UI = gdb
    DEBUG_UI = insight

    # Set the debugging back-end to either avarice, simulavr.
    DEBUG_BACKEND = avarice
    #DEBUG_BACKEND = simulavr

    # GDB Init Filename.
    GDBINIT_FILE = __avr_gdbinit

    # When using avarice settings for the JTAG
    JTAG_DEV = /dev/com1

    # Debugging port used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr.
    DEBUG_PORT = 4242

    # Debugging host used to communicate between GDB / avarice / simulavr, normally
    # just set to localhost unless doing some sort of crazy debugging when
    # avarice is running on a different computer.
    DEBUG_HOST = localhost



    #================================================= ===========================


    # Define programs and commands.
    SHELL = sh
    CC = avr-gcc
    OBJCOPY = avr-objcopy
    OBJDUMP = avr-objdump
    SIZE = avr-size
    NM = avr-nm
    AVRDUDE = avrdude
    REMOVE = rm -f
    COPY = cp
    WINSHELL = cmd


    # Define Messages
    # English
    MSG_ERRORS_NONE = Errors: none
    MSG_BEGIN = -------- begin --------
    MSG_END = -------- end --------
    MSG_SIZE_BEFORE = Size before:
    MSG_SIZE_AFTER = Size after:
    MSG_COFF = Converting to AVR COFF:
    MSG_EXTENDED_COFF = Converting to AVR Extended COFF:
    MSG_FLASH = Creating load file for Flash:
    MSG_EEPROM = Creating load file for EEPROM:
    MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING = Creating Extended Listing:
    MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE = Creating Symbol Table:
    MSG_LINKING = Linking:
    MSG_COMPILING = Compiling:
    MSG_ASSEMBLING = Assembling:
    MSG_CLEANING = Cleaning project:




    # Define all object files.
    OBJ = $(SRC:.c=.o) $(ASRC:.S=.o)

    # Define all listing files.
    LST = $(SRC:.c=.lst) $(ASRC:.S=.lst)


    # Compiler flags to generate dependency files.
    GENDEPFLAGS = -MD -MP -MF .dep/$(@F).d


    # Combine all necessary flags and optional flags.
    # Add target processor to flags.
    ALL_CFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $(GENDEPFLAGS)
    ALL_ASFLAGS = -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. -x assembler-with-cpp $(ASFLAGS)





    # Default target.
    all: begin gccversion sizebefore build sizeafter end

    build: elf hex eep lss sym extcoff

    elf: $(TARGET).elf
    hex: $(TARGET).hex
    eep: $(TARGET).eep
    lss: $(TARGET).lss
    sym: $(TARGET).sym



    # Eye candy.
    # AVR Studio 3.x does not check make's exit code but relies on
    # the following magic strings to be generated by the compile job.
    begin:
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_BEGIN)

    end:
    @echo $(MSG_END)
    @echo


    # Display size of file.
    HEXSIZE = $(SIZE) --target=$(FORMAT) $(TARGET).hex
    ELFSIZE = $(SIZE) -A $(TARGET).elf
    AVRMEM = avr-mem.sh $(TARGET).elf $(MCU)

    sizebefore:
    @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_BEFORE); $(ELFSIZE); \
    $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi

    sizeafter:
    @if test -f $(TARGET).elf; then echo; echo $(MSG_SIZE_AFTER); $(ELFSIZE); \
    $(AVRMEM) 2>/dev/null; echo; fi



    # Display compiler version information.
    gccversion :
    @$(CC) --version



    # Program the device.
    program: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
    $(AVRDUDE) $(AVRDUDE_FLAGS) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_FLASH) $(AVRDUDE_WRITE_EEPROM)


    # Generate avr-gdb config/init file which does the following:
    # define the reset signal, load the target file, connect to target, and set
    # a breakpoint at main().
    gdb-config:
    @$(REMOVE) $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    @echo define reset >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    @echo SIGNAL SIGHUP >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    @echo end >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    @echo file $(TARGET).elf >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    @echo target remote $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT) >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND),simulavr)
    @echo load >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)
    endif
    @echo break main >> $(GDBINIT_FILE)

    debug: gdb-config $(TARGET).elf
    ifeq ($(DEBUG_BACKEND), avarice)
    @echo Starting AVaRICE - Press enter when "waiting to connect" message displays.
    @$(WINSHELL) /c start avarice --jtag $(JTAG_DEV) --erase --program --file \
    $(TARGET).elf $(DEBUG_HOST):$(DEBUG_PORT)
    @$(WINSHELL) /c pause

    else
    @$(WINSHELL) /c start simulavr --gdbserver --device $(MCU) --clock-freq \
    $(DEBUG_MFREQ) --port $(DEBUG_PORT)
    endif
    @$(WINSHELL) /c start avr-$(DEBUG_UI) --command=$(GDBINIT_FILE)




    # Convert ELF to COFF for use in debugging / simulating in AVR Studio or VMLAB.
    COFFCONVERT=$(OBJCOPY) --debugging \
    --change-section-address .data-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .bss-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .noinit-0x800000 \
    --change-section-address .eeprom-0x810000


    coff: $(TARGET).elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-avr $< $(TARGET).cof


    extcoff: $(TARGET).elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_COFF) $(TARGET).cof
    $(COFFCONVERT) -O coff-ext-avr $< $(TARGET).cof



    # Create final output files (.hex, .eep) from ELF output file.
    %.hex: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_FLASH) $@
    $(OBJCOPY) -O $(FORMAT) -R .eeprom $< $@

    %.eep: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EEPROM) $@
    -$(OBJCOPY) -j .eeprom --set-section-flags=.eeprom="alloc,load" \
    --change-section-lma .eeprom=0 -O $(FORMAT) $< $@

    # Create extended listing file from ELF output file.
    %.lss: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_EXTENDED_LISTING) $@
    $(OBJDUMP) -h -S $< > $@

    # Create a symbol table from ELF output file.
    %.sym: %.elf
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_SYMBOL_TABLE) $@
    $(NM) -n $< > $@



    # Link: create ELF output file from object files.
    .SECONDARY : $(TARGET).elf
    .PRECIOUS : $(OBJ)
    %.elf: $(OBJ)
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_LINKING) $@
    $(CC) $(ALL_CFLAGS) $^ --output $@ $(LDFLAGS)


    # Compile: create object files from C source files.
    %.o : %.c
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_COMPILING) $<
    $(CC) -c $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Compile: create assembler files from C source files.
    %.s : %.c
    $(CC) -S $(ALL_CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Assemble: create object files from assembler source files.
    %.o : %.S
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_ASSEMBLING) $<
    $(CC) -c $(ALL_ASFLAGS) $< -o $@

    # Create preprocessed source for use in sending a bug report.
    %.i : %.c
    $(CC) -E -mmcu=$(MCU) -I. $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@


    # Target: clean project.
    clean: begin clean_list end

    clean_list :
    @echo
    @echo $(MSG_CLEANING)
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).hex
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).eep
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).cof
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).elf
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).map
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).sym
    $(REMOVE) $(TARGET).lss
    $(REMOVE) $(OBJ)
    $(REMOVE) $(LST)
    $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.s)
    $(REMOVE) $(SRC:.c=.d)
    $(REMOVE) .dep/*



    # Include the dependency files.
    -include $(shell mkdir .dep 2>/dev/null) $(wildcard .dep/*)


    # Listing of phony targets.
    .PHONY : all begin finish end sizebefore sizeafter gccversion \
    build elf hex eep lss sym coff extcoff \
    clean clean_list program debug gdb-config

  4. #4
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von SprinterSB
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    ...und nach 'make clean'?
    Disclaimer: none. Sue me.

  5. #5
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
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    er schreibt

    C:\WinAVR\......\make.exe" clean
    ----begin---
    Cleaning project:
    rm -f projektname.hex
    .eep
    .cof
    .elf
    .map
    .sym
    .lss
    .o
    .lst
    .s
    .d
    rm -f .dep/*
    ----end----

    >Process Exit Code: 0




    Eine Frage noch. Passt es eh dass ich mit STK500 programmiere?

  6. #6
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von SprinterSB
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    Zitat Zitat von axors
    C:\WinAVR\......\make.exe" clean
    ----begin---
    Cleaning project:
    rm -f projektname.hex
    ...
    Zitat Zitat von Makefile
    # Target file name (without extension).
    TARGET = mainATMegaITG
    Irgendwie passt das nicht. Mit dem obigen Makefile kann das nicht sein.
    Disclaimer: none. Sue me.

  7. #7
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
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    Ich hab statt mainATMegaITG im Beitrag "projektname" geschrieben, weil ich das File nicht einfach rüberkopieren kann, da ich auf 2 unterschiedlichen Computern arbeite

  8. #8
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von SprinterSB
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    Ok. Und wie sieht's jetzt aus?
    Disclaimer: none. Sue me.

  9. #9
    Neuer Benutzer Öfters hier
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    Ich bin durch das durchlesen des Fehlers auf den du mich aufmerksam gemacht draufgekommen, dass ich im makefile einen falschen Dateinamen eingetragen habe. ich habe jetzt das c file main.c genannt und es kompiliert.

    Jetzt habe ich aber ein anderes Problem:
    Ich möchte mit PonyProg das File auf den AVR kopieren. Jetzt ist es aber so, dass ich dazu ein e2s file benötige.

    Laut der kreatives-chaos seite muss man folgendes eintippen in das makefile:

    PONYEXE = C:\Programme\PonyProg2000\PONYPROG2000.EXE

    pony: $(TARGET).hex $(TARGET).eep
    echo -e "SELECTDEVICE $(MCU)\nLOAD-PROG $(TARGET).hex\nLOAD-DATA $(TARGET).eep\nWRITE&VERIFY-ALL" >isp.e2s

    $(PONYEXE) isp.e2s


    aber wohin genau?

    bitte um hilfe

  10. #10
    Erfahrener Benutzer Robotik Einstein Avatar von SprinterSB
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    - das PONYEXE zu den anderen Definitionen im Kopf, am besten wo es inhaltlich hinpasst. Nicht vor TARGET und MCU.
    - die Regel zu den anderen Regeln, dito was Inhalt angeht. Und achte auf die TABs an den Zeilenanfängen! Sonst ist make verwirrt.
    - pony zu .PHONY
    Disclaimer: none. Sue me.

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